During and after the Second World War, Mar Georgius I, Patriarch of Glastonbury and Catholicos of the West began unifying the various strands of Old Catholics and independent Catholics. By 1956, through sub conditione consecrations, he had accumulated all sixteen lines of Apostolic succession known to exist: Syrian-Antiochene, Syrian-Malabar, Syrian-Gallican, Syro-Chaldean, Chaldean-Uniate, Coptic Orthodox, Armenian-Uniate, Order of Corporate Reunion, Old Catholic, Mariavite, Nonjuring, Anglican, Russian Orthodox, Russo-Syrian Orthodox, Greek-Melkite, and Liberal Catholic.
Sub Conditione consecration is a procedure in which two already consecrated bishops consecrate each other, thereby sharing their apostolic lines. In that way, each of their churches recognizes without question the apostolic succession of the other. This has been used, for example, to remove doubts about the validity of Anglican and Episcopalian successions by adding the universally recognized Old Catholic line.
Bishop William Donovan who consecrated Bishop Bowman on April 18, 1996 was in the direct line of Archbishops Wadle and Aneed. The Principal Consecrator, Bishop Donovan, was, at that time, the Primate of the American Catholic Church. Bishop Orlando Lima y Aguirre, in the Old Catholic line of Bishops Vilatte, Mathew, De Landas, and Carfora was a second consecrator. Bishop Grant Cover, an independent Anglican bishop, was Bishop Bowman’s third consecrator.
Later in 1996, Bishop Bowman was consecrated sub conditione by Archbishop Maurice McCormick.
1)Antonio Cardinal Barberini (Jr) was a nephew of Pope Urban VIII. In 1627, the Pope appointed him to be the Grand Prior of the Knights of Malta and Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. In 1628 he was named Papal Legate to Avignon. He was consecrated in the Ribiba Line of Succession, October 24, 1655, at the church of the novitiate of the Society of Jesus, Rome, by Giovanni Battista Scanaroli, titular bishop of Sidon, assisted by Lorenzo Gavotti, Theat, bishop of Ventimilia, and by Marcantonio Bettoni, T.O.S.F., titular bishop of Coron. Nominated archbishop of Reims by King Louis XIV of France, June 27, 1657; confirmed by the Holy See, retaining the post of camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church, July 18, 1667. Opted for the suburbicarian see of Palestrina, November 21, 1661. In 1668 in the Church of the Sorbonne, Paris, he consecrated as his co-adjutor with right of succession Charles Maurice Le Tellier, the son of the Grand Chancellor of France.2) Charles Maurice Le Tellier, S.J., Duke, and son of the Grand Chancellor of France and co-adjutor with right of succession to Antoine Barberini, the Archbishop of Rheims, was consecrated 11 November 1668 at Paris, in the Church of the Sorbonne, by Antoine Cardinal Barberini, Archbishop of Reims, assisted by Pierre de Cambout de Coislin, Bishop of Orléans, and Michel Colbert de Saint-Pouange, Bishop of Macon. He in turn consecrated, in the church of the Cordeliers, Pontois, the illustrious Jacques Benigne Bossuet. (Ironic historical note: As a Jesuit Provincial and confessor to King Louis XIV of France, Le Tellier was largely responsible for writing the Papal Bul “Unigenitus” which condemned Jansenism and paved the way for the future Old Catholic Church of Utrecht).3) Jacques Bénigne Bossuet (The Eagle of Meaux) was consecrated Bishop of Condom 21 September 1670 at Pontoise, Church of the Cordeliers, by Charles Maurice Le Tellier, Titular Archbishop of Nazianzus and Coadjutor Archbishop of Reims, assisted by Armand de Monchy d`Hocquincourt, Bishop of Verdun, and Gabriel de Roquette, Bishop of Autun. Pope Clement X transferred him to the See of Meaux in 1671. Bossuet was a Roman Catholic predecessor of the future Old Catholic Church because he taught that the Roman Pontiff could err temporarily, but not fall into permanent error. He, in turn, with a mandate from Pope Clement X, consecrated Jacques de Goyon de Matignon in the church of Chartreuse, Paris.4) Jacques de Goyon de Matignon, son of Count De Thorigny, was consecrated 16 April 1673 at Paris, Church of the Carthusians, by Jacques Bénigne Bossuet, Bishop emeritus of Condom, assisted by Gui de Sève de Rochechouart, Bishop of Arras, and Louis Marie Armand de Simiane de Gorde, Bishop of Langres. He was Doyen of Lisieux and Abbe Commendataire De St. Victor, Paris. By order of Pope Clement XI, he consecrated Dominique Marie Varlet at Paris. 5) Dominique Marie Varlet was consecrated as Bishop of Ascalon in partibus, and coadjutor to the Most Reverend Pidou of St. Odon, Bishop of Babylon, Persia in February 1719 at Paris, in the lower chapel of the Seminary of the Missions Étrangères, by Jacques de Goyon de Matignon, Bishop emeritus of Condom, assisted by Louis François Duplessis de Mornay, O.F.M., Titular Bishop of Eumenia, and Jean Baptiste Massillon, Bishop of Clermont. Bishop Varlet consecrated four Archbishops of the Old Catholics at Utrecht (Oud Katholicke Kerk van Nederland), three of whom died without consecrating successors. In response to the appeals of the Chapter of the Old Catholic Church of Utrecht, he consecrated Petrus Johannes Meindaerts. 6) Petrus Johannes Meindaerts was consecrated Archbishop of Utrecht in 1739. He had been one of several priests ordained in Ireland by Luke Fagan, Bishop of Meath, afterwards Archbishop of Dublin, with the view of sustaining the independence of the ancient Church of the Netherlands, founded by St. Willibrord in the VII Century. By his consecration to the Episcopate, the succession of the Old Catholic Church in Holland has been perpetuated. Archbishop Meindaerts consecrated Johnnes van Stiphout. 7) Johannes Van Stiphout was consecrated as Bishop of Haarlem by Petrus Johannes Meindaerts 11th of July, 1745. He, in turn, consecrated: 8) Gualtherus Michael Van Nieuwenhuisen was consecrated Archbishop of Utrecht February 7th, 1768 by Johannes Van Stiphout. The new Archbishop received letters of Communion from Germany, France, Italy and Spain who recognized that the claims to canonical jurisdiction of the Old Catholic Church of Utrecht were sound, and her doctrine orthodox. He consecrated Adrianus Johannes Broekman. 9) Adrianus Johannes Broekman was consecrated as Bishop of Haarlem June 21st, 1778 by Gualtherus Michael Van Nieuwenhuisen. He consecrated Johannes Jacobus van Rhijin. 10) Johannes Jacobus van Rhijin was consecrated Archbishop of Utrecht July 5th., 1805. He consecrated Gilbertus de Jong. 11) Gilbertus de Jong was consecrated Bishop of Deventer November 7th 1805 just after the formation of the Batavian Republic by the Emperor Napoleon I. He then consecrated Willibrordus van Os.
12) Willibrordus van Os was consecrated Archbishop of Utrecht April 24th 1814. He consecrated Johannes Bon.13) Johannes Bon was consecrated Bishop of Haarlem April 22nd 1819. Bishop Bon was the first Bishop of the autocephalous Dutch succession not to be excommunicated by Rome. In 1827 the King of the Netherlands to the See of Bruges nominated him without objection from Rome. He consecrated Johannes van Santen. 14) Johannes van Santen was consecrated Archbishop of Utrecht June 14th 1825. He consecrated Hermann Johannes Heykamp.
15) Hermann Johannes Heykamp was consecrated as Bishop of Deventer on July 17, 1853 (or 1854). He became Bishop of Utrecht in 1875. Heykamp consecrated Casparus Johannes Rinkel.
16) Casparus Johannes Rinkel was consecrated Bishop of Haarlem August 11th 1873. This is the first time that the formal proofs of election were read during the Mass of Consecration rather than a Papal mandate. It is also the first time that a new Bishop of the autocephalous Dutch succession did not notify Rome of his consecration. Bishop Rinkel consecrated Gerardus Gul.
17) Gerardus Gul was consecrated Archbishop of Utrecht May 11th 1892. Bishop Gul consecrated Henricus Johannes Theodorus van Vlijmen and Arnold Harris Mathew. (Note: Archbishop Gerardus Gul of Utrecht, Holland, was the first of the Old Catholic Church line of succession).
18) Arnold Harris Mathew was consecrated Regionary Old Catholic Bishop for Great Britain April 28, 1908, at St. Gertrude’s Church, Utrecht by Bishop Gerardus Gul, assisted by Bishop J. J. Van Thiel of Haarlem, Bishop N. B. P. Spit of Deventer and Bishop J. Demmel of Bonn, Germany. He was elected Archbishop in 1911. Archbishop Eyre, at St. Andrew’s Roman Catholic Cathedral, had ordained him to the Priesthood Glasgow in 1877. He came from distinguished Irish parents. He was the great-grandson of Francis Mathew, First Earl of Landaff, of Thomastown Castle, Tipperary. He consecrated Prince Rudolphe Francois Eduard Hamilton de Landas-Berghes.
(Note: Archbishop Mathew’s archdiocese was in London, England and became autocephalous)
19) Rudolphe Francois Eduard Hamilton, Grand Duke of Lorraine-Brabant, Prince de Landas-Berghes and de Roche and Duke of St. Winnock was consecrated in 1912. He in turn consecrated Henry Carmel Carfora.
20) Henry Carmel Carfora was consecrated in 1916. Rene Vilatte also consecrated him in 1915, however, no historical records can be found. Carfora was ordained a priest of the Roman Catholic Church in Italy in 1901. Carfora was elected Archbishop of the United States for all Old Catholics in 1923. The Most Reverend Henry Carmel Carfora consecrated several bishops including Francis Xavier Resch, (*)Albert Dunstan Bell, and Earl Anglin James. (Note: Archbishop Carfora had received two ordinations to the Episcopal level: The Arnold H. Matthew succession through the Old Catholic Church of Utrecht and the Joseph Rene Vilatte line of succession through the Antioch See.)
21) Earl Anglin James was consecrated on June 17, 1945. He consecrated Grant Timothy Billet.
22) Grant Timothy Billet was consecrated December 25, 1950. He consecrated Norman Richard Parr.
23) Norman Richard Parr, D.D. was consecrated on October 23, 1979. He was Doctor of Divinity, Archbishop Patriarch of the Old Catholic Church in North America. He consecrated Maurice Darryl McCormick.
24) Maurice Darryl McCormick was consecrated on July 14, 1991. Bishop, Patriarch of the Agape of Jesus Independent Catholic Church, President of the American Association of Independent Catholic Bishops, Doctor in Education and Doctor of Divinity. He consecrated Orlando Hyppolitus Lima Y Aguirre.
25) Orlando Hyppolitus Lima Y Aguirre was consecrated June 3, 1995 in Warrensburg, NY, USA. Ph.D. and Letters, Th.D., Professor, Master Divinity, Master Education, Agricultural Sugar Chemistry Engineer, Archbishop of Florida, Cuba the Caribbean.
25 & 26) ROBERT M. BOWMAN the founder of the United Catholic Church was consecrated April 18, 1996 by Bishops Donovan, Lima y Aguirre, and Cover. Bp. Cover is an independent Anglican bishop.
Prince Rudolphe Francois Edouard Hamilton, Grand Duke of Lorraine-Brabant, Prince de Landas-Berghes et de Roche and Duke de St. Winnock, Archbishop of the Old Roman Catholic Church, on October 3,1916, consecrated William Henry Francis Brothers, who, with co-consecrator Henry Carmel Carfora on August 25, 1935 consecrated Albert Dunstan Bell. 21) (*)Albert Dunstan Bell was consecrated on August 25, 1935 and consecrated Edgar Ramon Verostek.
22) Edgar Ramon Verostek was consecrated on March 9, 1940 and with Kleefisch (see Russian Orthodox lines below) consecrated Charles H. Hampton.
23) Charles H. Hampton was consecrated on September 13th 1931 and, assisted by Bishop Lowell Paul Wadle and Bishop H. Francis Marshall, consecrated Herman Adrian Spruit.
24) Herman Adrian Spruit was consecrated on June 22nd 1957 and with co-consecrators Meri Louise Spruit and Bliss Bellinger consecrated Paul Michael Clemens.
25) Paul Michael Clemens was consecrated in 1988.
Herman Adrian Spruit consecrated Meri Louise Spruit who, with co-consecrators Bishop Michael Daignealt and Bishop Timothy Barker consecrated Richard Gundrey. Meri Louise Spruit, with co-consecrators Herman Adrian Spruit, Richard Gundrey, and Paul Michael Clemens consecrated Joseph Philip Sousa.
26) Joseph Philip Sousa was consecrated on July 14, 1991.
Meri Louise Spruit assisted by bishops Richard Gundrey and Jospeh Philip Sousa, consecrated Willibrord Johannes Van Campenhout.
27) Willibrord Johannes Van Campenhout was consecrated on October 10th, 1993 and consecrated William Dennis Donovan.
28) William Dennis Donovan was consecrated on November 14th, 1993 and, assisted by Lima, Cover, Reeves, and McCormick, consecrated Robert M. Bowman.
29)ROBERT M. BOWMAN was consecrated on April 18, 1996.
RUSSIAN ORTHODOX LINES
I. Sergius, who later became the patriarch of the Russian Orthodox Church, with Raban Ortinski and Theophilus consecrated Henry Joseph Kleefisch.II. Henry Joseph Kleefisch. Kleefisch, an American, was fleeing Russia during the Bolshevik Revolution in 1918, and found himself in the company of Archbishop Sergius (later Patriarch of Russia) and two other Orthodox bishops, Raban Ortinski and Theophilus. The four men were stopped by revolutionaries and imprisoned for summary execution. Since Kleefisch was an American, however, they were told that he could go free.
Realizing that their execution would literally end the Russian Orthodox Apostolic Succession, Archbishop Sergius asked to be given half an hour of prayer with his bishops and Mr. Kleefisch (who was soon to be released). When they were alone, the Archbishop explained the situation and begged Kleefisch to accept the burden of the episcopacy, with the trust that he would later transmit it to a properly constituted Archbishop for the Russian Orthodox Christians.
Stunned by the gravity of the trust, Kleefisch accepted and was consecrated under the Canon of Necessity a When Kleefisch later came to understand the importance of his commission, he willingly shared the lineage of Apostolic Succession for the sake of future unity among the churches. In 1945, Archbishop Lowell Wadle of the American Catholic Church and Charles Hampton exchanged Apostolic succession with Bishop Kleefisch. By that time, Archbishop Wadle had already obtained the Vilatte lines (Malankara Orthodox, Syrian Malabar, and Jacobite Antiochean) from Bishops Boyle and Clarkson, and the Syrian/Melchite Uniate and Byzantine Uniat lines from Archbishop Aneed, who was in Communion with Rome. He also obtained the Old Catholic line of Bishops Mathew, De Landas, and Francis from Bishops Verostek and Cooper. Finally, in 1957 he traveled to England and obtained the sixteen lines of Mar Georgius I. Kleefisch co-consecrated Charles H. Hampton.t Harbin, Siberia. Shortly thereafter he was released and returned to Europe. Meanwhile, however, the Bolsheviks had decided to release the Archbishop and his companions, and the Russian Church was saved.
III. Charles H. Hampton was consecrated on September 13th 1931 and, assisted by Bishop Lowell Paul Wadle and Bishop H. Francis Marshall, consecrated Herman Adrian Spruit. IV. Herman Adrian Spruit was consecrated on June 22nd 1957 and with co-consecrators Meri Louise Spruit and Bliss Bellinger consecrated Paul Michael Clemens.
V. Paul Michael Clemens was consecrated in 1988.
Meri Louise Spruit, with co-consecrators Herman Adrian Spruit, Richard Gundrey, and Paul Michael Clemens consecrated Joseph Philip Sousa.
VI. Joseph Philip Sousa was consecrated on July 14, 1991.
Meri Louise Spruit, assisted by bishops, Richard Gundrey, and Joseph Philip Sousa consecrated Willibrord Johannes Van Campenhout.
VII. Willibrord Johannes Van Campenhout was consecrated on October 10th, 1993 and consecrated William Dennis Donovan.
VIII. William Dennis Donovan was consecrated on November 14th, 1993 and, assisted by Lima, Cover, Reeves, and McCormick, consecrated Robert M. Bowman.
IX. ROBERT M. BOWMAN was consecrated on April 18, 1996.
BRAZILIAN CATHOLIC APOSTOLIC CHURCH
1. Scipione Rebiba, Auxiliary Bishop of Chieti, Titular Patriarch of Constantinople, was elected Titular Bishop of Amicle and Auxiliary to Gian Pietro Cardinal Carafa, Archbishop of Chieti (who later became Pope Paul IV) on March 16, 1541. Rebiba consecrated Guilio Antonio Santoro.
2. Guilio Antonio Santoro, Archbishop of Santa Severina, was consecrated on March 12, 1566 in the Pauline Chapel of the Vatican Apostolic Palace. His co-consecrator’s were Annibale Caracciolo, Bishop of Isola and Giacomo de`Giacomelli, Bishopemeritus of Belcastro. Santoro consecrated Girolama Bernerio.
3. Girolama Bernerio, O.P., Bishop of Ascoli Piceno, was consecrated on September 7, 1586 in the Basilicaof the Twelve Holy Apostles, Rome. His co-consecrator’s were Guilio Masetti, Bishop of Reggio Emilia and Ottaviano Paravicini, Bishop of Alessandria. Bernerio consecrated Galeazzo Sanvitale.
4. Galeazzo Sanvitale, Archbishop of Bari. He was consecrated April 4, 1604 in the Chapel of the Apostolic Sacristy, Rome. His co-consecrator`s were Claudio Rangoni, Bishop of Piacenza and Giovanni Ambrogio Caccia, Bishop of Castro di Toscana. Sanvitale consecrated Lodovico Ludovisi.
5. Lodovico Ludovisi, Cardinal Archbishop of Bologna, was consecrated on May 2, 1621 in the private chapel of Sanvitale, near St. Peter’s Basilica, Rome. Assisting Sanvitale were Cosmo de Torres, Titular Archbishop of Hadrianopolis and Ottavio Ridolfi, Bishop of Atiano. Ludovisi consecrated Luigi Caetani.
6. Luigi Caetani, Titular Patriarch of Antioch, was consecrated on June 12, 1622 in the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome. Assisting Ludovisi were: Galeazzo Sanvitale, Archbishop emeritus of Bari and Vulpiano Volpi, Archbishop emeritus of Chieti. Caetani consecrated Ulderico Carpegna.
7. Ulderico Carpegna, Bishop of Gubbio was consecrated on October 7, 1630 in the Pauline Chapel of the Apostolic Palace of the Quirinal, Rome. His co-consecrator’s were Antonio Ricciulli, Bishop emeritus of Belcastro and Vicegerent of Rome, and Benedetto Landi, Bishop of Fossombrone. Carpegna consecrated Paluzzo Cardinal Paluzzi Altieri Degli Albertoni.
8. Paluzzo Cardinal Paluzzi Altieri Degli Albertoni, was consecrated on May 2, 1666 Bishop of Montefiascone e Corneto, in the Church of San Silvestro in Capite, Rome. Assisting Carpegna were Stefano Ugolini, Titular Archbishop of Corinth and Giovanni Tommaso Pinelli, Bishop of Albenga. Altieri consecrated Pietro Francesco (Vincenzo Maria) Orsini de Gravina, O.P..
9. Pietro Francesco (Vincenzo Maria) Orsini de Gravina, O.P., Cardinal Archbishop of Manfredonia (who later became Pope Benedict XIII), was consecrated on February 3, 1675 in the Church of SS. Domenico e Sisto, Rome. His co-consecrator’s were Stefano Brancaccio, Archbishop-Bishop of Viterbo e Tuscania and Costanzo Zani, O.S.B., Bishop of Imola. Orsini consecrated Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini.
10. Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini, Titular Archbishop of Theodosia, who became Pope Benedict XIV in 1740, was consecrated on July 16, 1724 in the Pauline Chapel of the Apostolic Palace of the Quirinal, Rome. Orsini was assisted by Giovanni Francesco Nicolai, O.F.M.Ref., Titular Archbishop of Myra and Nicola Maria Lercari, Titular Archbishop of Nazianzus. ( **Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini and those previous to him, are in the Episcopal Lineage of His Holiness, John Paul II – Karl Wojtyla**). Lambertini consecrated Carlo della Torre Rezzonico.
11. Carlo della Torre Rezzonico, was consecrated on March 19, 1743 and became Pope Clement XIII in 1758. His co-consecrator’s were Archbishops Scopio Borghese and Ignatius Reali. Pope Clement XIII (Rezzonico) consecrated Bernadinus Giraud.
12. Bernadinus Giraud, was consecrated on April 26, 1767 and became a Cardinal in 1771. Assisted by Archbishop Marcus Antonius Conti and Bishop Iosefus Maria Carafa, Cardinal Giraud consecrated on February 23, 1777 Alexander Matthaeus.
13. Alexander Matthaeus, who became a Cardinal in 1779, was consecrated on February 23, 1777. Assisted by Bishops Geraldus Macioti and Franciscus Albertini, Cardinal Matthaeus consecrated Pietro Francesco Cardinal Galeffi.
14. Pietro Francesco Cardinal Galeffi, who became a Cardinal in 1803, was consecrated on September 12, 1819. Assisted by Archbishops Ioannes Franciscus Falzacappa and Iosephus della Porta Rondiana, Cardinal Galeffi consecrated Giacomo Filippo Cardinal Fransoni.
15. Giacomo Filippo Cardinal Fransoni was consecrated on December 8, 1822 and became a Cardinal in 1826. Assisted by Patriarch Joseph Valerga and Bishop Rudensindus Salvado, Cardinal Fransoni consecrated Carlo Cardinal Sacconi.
16. Carlo Cardinal Sacconi was consecrated on June 8, 1851 and became a Cardinal in 1861. Assisted by Archbishops Salvator Nobili Vitelleschi and Franciscus Xaverius Fredericus de Merode, Cardinal Sacconi consecrated Edward Henry Cardinal Howard.
17. Edward Henry Cardinal Howard was consecrated on June 30, 1872 and became a Cardinal in 1877. Assisted by Archbishops Alessandro, Sanminiatelli, Zabarella and Bishop Guilio Lenti, Cardinal Howard consecrated Mariano Cardinal Rampolla del Tindaro.
18. Mariano Cardinal Rampolla del Tindaro was consecrated on December 8, 1882 and became a Cardinal 1887. In Brazil, Cardinal Rampolla del Tindaro consecrated Joaquim Cardinal Arcoverde de Albuquerque Cavalcanti.
19. Joaquim Cardinal Arcoverde de Albuquerque Cavalcanti was consecrated, for the Roman Catholic Church, on October 26, 1890 and became a Cardinal in 1905. Cardinal de Albuquerque Cavalcanti consecrated Sebastião Leme Cardinal da Silveira Cintra.
20. Sebastião Leme Cardinal da Silveira Cintra, was consecrated on June 4, 1911 and became an Archbishop in 1921. Assisted by Dom Alberto Jose Goncalves and Dom Benedito Paulo Alves de Souza, Archbishop de Silveira Cintra consecrated Carlos Duarte Costa.
21. Carlos Duarte Costa who had been ordained a Roman Catholic priest on April l, 1911. Costa was consecrated a Roman Catholic bishop on December 8, 1924 and remained such until he retired in 1945. Costa retired because Rome refused to take a stand against the relocation of War Criminals from the Nazi regime to his homeland of Brazil. He served as the Patriarch of the Brazilian Catholic Apostolic Church from 1945 to 1961. Bishop Carlos Duarte Costa consecrated Milton Cunha.
22. Milton Cunha was consecrated on June 5, 1960. Bishop Cunha consecrated Propheta and Giuseppe Santo Eusebio Pace.
23. Giuseppe Santo Eusebio Pace was consecrated on October 3, 1968. Bishop Pace consecrated Ignazio Antonio Teodosio Pietroburgo.
24. Ignazio Antonio Teodosio Pietroburgo was consecrated on October 15, 1978. Bishop Pietroburgo consecrated Donald Lawrence Jolly-Gabriel.
25. Donald Lawrence Jolly-Gabriel was consecrated on June 25,1980 and he consecrated Denis Martel.
26. Denis Martel was consecrated on July 8, 1995. Bishop Martel consecrated John Robert Reeves.
27. John Robert Reeves on September 29, 1996. Bishop Reeves consecrated:
28. ROBERT M. BOWMAN in 1998.